Timeline of Early Missouri History

1539--DE SOTO discover's and crosses the Mississippi.

1542--Winter quarter's of his company, probably in Missouri, in 1541-'42.

   "   --De Soto died, and was buried in the Mississippi, near mouth of Arkansas River.

   "   --Louis de Moscoso succeeds De Soto. He marches to Red River, in Texas.

1543--Moscoso and his troops march through Arkansas and Missouri.

1544--De Biedma makes a report of De Soto's Expedition, to the King of Spain.

1671--The French take forma1 posession of the Northwest.

1673--May 13, Marquette and Joliet leave Mackinaw in search of the Mississippi.

   "   --June 17, Marquette reaches the Mississippi at the mouth of the Wisconsin and descended it to the mouth of the Arkansas.

1675--May 18, Marquette died.

1680--La Salle sends Hennepin and Dugay to explore the Upper Mississippi. St. Anthony's Falls named by Hennepin.

1682--0riginal naming of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and the countries through which they flow.

1683--First settlements made by La Salle. He descends the Mississippi to its mouth.

   "   --March 6, takes possession of the country, and named it "Louisiana"

1687--March 17, La Salle is killed by some companions.

1696--War between the Iroquois Indialns aud the British Colonies, against the Province of Canada.

1705--The Missouri River explored to the mouth of the Kansas River by the French.

1712--September 14, Louisiana granted to Crozart by Louis XIV.

1717--August 22, Crozart resigns Louisiana to the Crown. Transfer of the grant to "The Company of the West." First Laws.

1718--Colonists arrive. New Orleans laid out. Fort Chartres, Illinois, commenced.

1719--Renault 1eaves France for the Illinois country. Arrives, and dispatches 200 miners, assayers, and artisans in search of precious metals in Illinois and Missouri. Fort Chartres completed.

1720--Spanish Expedition from Santa Fe, against the French and Missouri Indians.

1724--Erection of Fort Orleans on an island in the Missouri. Destruction of the Fort.

1731--January 24, Company of the West surrender their charter to tbe King of France.

1762--November 3, Paris Treaty concluded. Louisiana ceded to Spain by France.

   "   --Village du Cote (St. Charles) established.

1763--November 3, M. Laclede arrives at St. Genevieve and Fort Chartres.

1764--February 15, St. Louis founded by Pierre Laclede Liguest.

1766--August 11, Grant of land received by Pierre Laclede Liguest, upon which to build St. Louis.

1769--First occupancy by the Spaniards.

1770--Spain obtains possession of St. Louis and Upper Louisiana.

1772--Fort Chartres evacuated.

1778--General Clark takes possession of Kaskaskia. Cahokia joins the Americans.

   "   --June 20, Pierre Laclede Liguest died near the mouth of Arkansas River, aged 54.

1780--St. Louis attacked by 1500 Indians and 140 British.

1785--Great flood of the Mississippi threatening to inundate St.Louis.

1786--Julien Dubuque first visits the Upper Mississippi.

1787--New Madrid founded by Colonel G. Morgan, of New Jersey.

1788--Dubuque obtains, a grant of 140,000 acres, embracing the present Dubuque, lead mines, etc.

   "   --First boat-load of lead bought from the Indians and shipped to St. Louis by Co1. Joseph Shaw, the pioneer of the lead trade.

1795--First Ferry established at St. Louis, by Captain James Piggott.

1798--Charles Dehault Delassus de Deluziere succeeds Zenon Tradeau as Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Louisiana.

1803--Louisiana ceded to the United States.

1804--March 26, "Territory of Orleans" organized; residue of country called "Territory of Louisiana."

   "   --Lewis and Clark set out upon their Western Exploring Expedition.

1808--September 5, Major George C. Sibley established Fort Osage Government Factory on the Missouri.

   "   --July, the "Missouri Gazette," first newspaper west of the Mississippi established at St. Louis by Joseph CharIess.

1809--Governor M. Lewis committed suicide.

1811--December 11, Earthquake at New Madrid.

1812--June 4, Name changed to Territory of Missouri, and advanced to second grade of government.

   "   --December 7, First Session of Legislature convened at St. Louis.

1814--December 5, Second Session of Legislature convened at St. Louis.

   "   --Bank of Missouri chartered.

1815--Second weekly paper established at St. Louis.

1817--Tbe first Steamboat (General Pike) reached St. Louis.

   "   --John Scott, of St, Genevieve, elected first Delegate to Congress.

1818-19--Missouri Compromise passed.

1819--June 8, ExpIoring Expedition under Major Long 1eft St. Louis for Mandan villages and the Yellowstone; failed.

1820--ConstitutionaI Convention at St. Louis.

1821--Admission of Missouri into the Union.

1833--Trouble with the Mormons in Jackson County.

1838--State Capitol commenced.

   "   --Mormon war in Caldwell County.

1852--November 20, First Locomotive west of Mississippi, on Pacific Railroad.

1859--JuIy, Introduction of Horse Railroads in St. Louis.

Transcribed from:
As it is in 1867
An Illustrated Historical Gazetteer of Missouri
By Nathan H. Parker
Published by J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia, 1867

Return to the Missouri State Website


Return to the Missouri Trivia Page

Webspace for this site is generously provided by

  State Coordinator (SC)   P. J. Franklin  

Be sure to add us to your favorites list.

This page was last updated Sunday, 09-Mar-2014 18:48:46 EDT.
Copyright © 2014~2024 by P. J. Franklin