Timeline of Early Missouri History
1539--DE SOTO discover's and crosses the Mississippi.
1542--Winter quarter's of his company, probably in Missouri, in 1541-'42.
" --De Soto died, and was buried in the Mississippi, near mouth of Arkansas River.
" --Louis de Moscoso succeeds De Soto. He marches to Red River, in Texas.
1543--Moscoso and his troops march through Arkansas and Missouri.
1544--De Biedma makes a report of De Soto's Expedition, to the King of Spain.
1671--The French take forma1 posession of the Northwest.
1673--May 13, Marquette and Joliet leave Mackinaw in search of the Mississippi.
" --June 17, Marquette reaches the Mississippi at the mouth of the Wisconsin and descended it to the mouth of the Arkansas.
1675--May 18, Marquette died.
1680--La Salle sends Hennepin and Dugay to explore the Upper Mississippi. St. Anthony's Falls named by Hennepin.
1682--0riginal naming of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and the countries through which they flow.
1683--First settlements made by La Salle. He descends the Mississippi to its mouth.
" --March 6, takes possession of the country, and named it "Louisiana"
1687--March 17, La Salle is killed by some companions.
1696--War between the Iroquois Indialns aud the British Colonies, against the Province of Canada.
1705--The Missouri River explored to the mouth of the Kansas River by the French.
1712--September 14, Louisiana granted to Crozart by Louis XIV.
1717--August 22, Crozart resigns Louisiana to the Crown. Transfer of the grant to "The Company of the West." First Laws.
1718--Colonists arrive. New Orleans laid out. Fort Chartres, Illinois, commenced.
1719--Renault 1eaves France for the Illinois country. Arrives, and dispatches 200 miners, assayers, and artisans in search of precious metals in Illinois and Missouri. Fort Chartres completed.
1720--Spanish Expedition from Santa Fe, against the French and Missouri Indians.
1724--Erection of Fort Orleans on an island in the Missouri. Destruction of the Fort.
1731--January 24, Company of the West surrender their charter to tbe King of France.
1762--November 3, Paris Treaty concluded. Louisiana ceded to Spain by France.
" --Village du Cote (St. Charles) established.
1763--November 3, M. Laclede arrives at St. Genevieve and Fort Chartres.
1764--February 15, St. Louis founded by Pierre Laclede Liguest.
1766--August 11, Grant of land received by Pierre Laclede Liguest, upon which to build St. Louis.
1769--First occupancy by the Spaniards.
1770--Spain obtains possession of St. Louis and Upper Louisiana.
1772--Fort Chartres evacuated.
1778--General Clark takes possession of Kaskaskia. Cahokia joins the Americans.
" --June 20, Pierre Laclede Liguest died near the mouth of Arkansas River, aged 54.
1780--St. Louis attacked by 1500 Indians and 140 British.
1785--Great flood of the Mississippi threatening to inundate St.Louis.
1786--Julien Dubuque first visits the Upper Mississippi.
1787--New Madrid founded by Colonel G. Morgan, of New Jersey.
1788--Dubuque obtains, a grant of 140,000 acres, embracing the present Dubuque, lead mines, etc.
" --First boat-load of lead bought from the Indians and shipped to St. Louis by Co1. Joseph Shaw, the pioneer of the lead trade.
1795--First Ferry established at St. Louis, by Captain James Piggott.
1798--Charles Dehault Delassus de Deluziere succeeds Zenon Tradeau as Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Louisiana.
1803--Louisiana ceded to the United States.
1804--March 26, "Territory of Orleans" organized; residue of country called "Territory of Louisiana."
" --Lewis and Clark set out upon their Western Exploring Expedition.
1808--September 5, Major George C. Sibley established Fort Osage Government Factory on the Missouri.
" --July, the "Missouri Gazette," first newspaper west of the Mississippi established at St. Louis by Joseph CharIess.
1809--Governor M. Lewis committed suicide.
1811--December 11, Earthquake at New Madrid.
1812--June 4, Name changed to Territory of Missouri, and advanced to second grade of government.
" --December 7, First Session of Legislature convened at St. Louis.
1814--December 5, Second Session of Legislature convened at St. Louis.
" --Bank of Missouri chartered.
1815--Second weekly paper established at St. Louis.
1817--Tbe first Steamboat (General Pike) reached St. Louis.
" --John Scott, of St, Genevieve, elected first Delegate to Congress.
1818-19--Missouri Compromise passed.
1819--June 8, ExpIoring Expedition under Major Long 1eft St. Louis for Mandan villages and the Yellowstone; failed.
1820--ConstitutionaI Convention at St. Louis.
1821--Admission of Missouri into the Union.
1833--Trouble with the Mormons in Jackson County.
1838--State Capitol commenced.
" --Mormon war in Caldwell County.
1852--November 20, First Locomotive west of Mississippi, on Pacific Railroad.
1859--JuIy, Introduction of Horse Railroads in St. Louis.
As it is in 1867
An Illustrated Historical Gazetteer of Missouri
By Nathan H. Parker
Published by J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia, 1867
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